For those in less populated areas without a sewer system, a septic tank is the main option for dispensing household wastes. In some areas, the septic tank may be the only option.
To avoid costly repairs, zoning problems and sewage back ups, the septic system must be installed properly.
A septic tank is essentially a receptacle for collecting sewer wastes from the home. Toilet, sink, bathtub and shower wastewater collects at a single pipe in the home, which transports it to the septic tank. The tank is normally buried in the back yard, away from the home.
The tank will separate the incoming waste. Heavier solids will sink to the bottom of the tank. Oil and grease will collect at the top of the tank and become trapped. The remaining wastewater will flow out of the tank into a series of lateral pipes submerged in the property. The pipes contain holes to allow the water to drain into the ground. This is referred to as a drain field or leech field.
Installing a septic tank is not normally considered a DIY project due to the excavation involved. A hole must be dug for the tank and long, shallow trenches must be dug for the lateral. The entire system prior to the laterals must be watertight to avoid the release of noxious gases and contamination. The grading from the building to the tank and the tank to the leech field must be sloped to allow drainage. Failure to do so could cause a backup in the home.
The tank will fill with solids and oil or grease over time and must be pumped out to avoid a back up. Laterals can become clogged and will eventually degrade. After their useful life has expired, replacement is needed. Various inspections and tests can be performed to determine if the system is failing and if so, where it is failing.
Fortunately, there are companies that provide a full range of septic system services, from installation to inspection and repairs. Finding a central florida septic company to perform these services can avoid a great deal of headaches in the future.